How To Set Up A Fishing Pole

  • Reading time:18 mins read
  • Post category:Fishing Tips / How To
  • Post last modified:June 3, 2022

How to Setup and Use a Spinning Rod and Reel


Man has been hunting fish and using a primitive fishing rod since ancient times. Back then, there was no solid line and no hook. At first, the fishing line was tied to a rod, then there were rings to guide the line. The next step was the invention of the reel so that the long line would not get tangled.

How to Start Fishing?

If you want to know how to assemble your fishing rod, you are in the right place! This is your first step toward fishing. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced fisherman, you can still learn something new here. In this article, we’ll discuss the basic tools you’ll need. Then we’ll take a detailed look at how to set up a fishing rod in simple ways.

You will need fishing equipment:

Fishing rod. It helps to throw your bait into the water, gives you the opportunity to hook the fish and pull your prey to shore. The type of fishing rod is chosen depending on the type of fish you are going to catch, as well as many other factors you will learn about later. If the catch is heavy enough, you will need a more reliable and sturdy rod. The rod can be either a single piece or made up of several pieces.

Fishing reel. Has a drum on which the fishing line is wound and stored, it allows you to pull the prey or bait, simplifies the process of fishing. The choice of reel depends on the type of fishing.

YUMOSHI XF4000 & XF1000 Spinning Reel

Fishing line & Braided line & Monoline & Fluorocarbon line. A fishing line is a fishing tackle that attaches a sinker, hook, swivels, beads, float, and bait. Anglers choose fishing lines based on their strength, weight, and material.

KastKing Baits & Lures

Baits & Lures. Baits can be artificial or natural (live) baits. In the case of artificial bait, a fishing line with a special knot secures the bait. Natural baits can be anything that fish like to eat in nature – worms, shrimp, small crabs, flies.

Rapala Fishing Baits & Lures

Choosing a Rod Type

Any fishing begins with the choice of rod type. Therefore, in this article, we will consider different options: fishing from the shore, float fishing, bottom fishing, spinning, and from a boat.

Float fishing – you need a long rod of medium power. Design – telescope, two or more pieces, or solid. Bait – bread, worms, peas, corn, etc. Types of float rods: fly rods, bologna rods, match rods, putter rods.

Float Fishing Methods

Surf fishing. A fishing rod for fishing from the shore. Used types of rods – telescope, multibody. Bait – worms, small crabs, shrimp, fish pieces, clams, mussel meat, sea worms (sandworms), and other bait. Marine bottom fishing rods differ: you can catch in strong winds, high waves, in considerable depth, and much farther from the shore. Weights for such rods have different shapes and designs: they can be flat, diamond-shaped, ground-tracked, etc.

Sougayilang Portable Telescopic Fishing Pole

Spinning is a fishing tackle used to catch predatory fish. The main difference between spinning and other types of fishing rods is the throwing of artificial bait in the water and its wiring. Classic spinning consists of several parts: a rod with skipping rings, a reel, and a fishing line. The most popular materials for spinning rods are carbon fiber, fiberglass, and metal. For spin fishing, a flexible rod of two elbows is ideal. The elbows are connected by the sleeve of the rod. Lures (lures) – wobbler, baitfish, silicon, poppers, rattlins, jerk baits, foam fish, mandalas, and spinnerbaits.

Goture Xceed 4 Sections Travel Rod

Fly fishing – special rods with a short handle, flexible, lightweight, elastic with characteristics. Fishing is conducted in shallow water or on the water surface, and the use of sinkers and floats is not provided. Fishing is possible both with current and standing water, from the shore or boat, and in any weather conditions. Casting is provided by a special technique combined with the original design of the tackle. A special fishing rod (rod, whip) is the main element of the tackle. By appearance, the fly rod resembles a light spinning rod. The standard length – 2.7 meters, mostly two-handed versions (providing for gripping the handle with both hands).

Sougayilang Fly Fishing Rod

Baitcasting fishing – equipped with a stop and a special reel is needed. The casting rod is similar to the classic spinning rod, but has an extra element on the holder – trigger (or trigger? gun handle, pistol grip), which helps to fix the rod in your hand while fishing. The grip occurs in such a way that in the fisherman’s hand there is not only a rod but also a reel. Casting rods have rings of smaller diameter and in a larger quantity than on a classic spinning rod, this is due to the peculiarities of casting with a multiplier reel.

Caperlan Baitcasting Fishing Trolling Reel

Fishing from a boat. Fishing from a boat is carried out with different tackles. The most popular is the onboard fishing rod. It is shorter than usual and most often solid with a characteristic roller tip. The bait – live fish, bobber, wobbler.

Caperlan Fishing Boat

Important! A general requirement for types of fishing rods – to assemble the rod so that the rings are in one line along the rod evenly without tilting. Tightly fasten the knees between each other or pull out all the links of the telescopic rod to the stop.

Assembling a Fishing Rod

It is important to choose a type of fishing that matches the behavior of the fish you are looking for. It would be ideal to know the biology, peculiarities of the body of water, and the habits of each fish species. There are some fish that feed on the bottom and others that feed only in shallow water. Some fish feed on other fish, while others prefer insects or only eat at night.

How to Set the Rod

SHIMANO Sienna 4000FE Spinning Reel

Step 1: Prepare the Rod

Before how to set up your rod, you need to clean it. Wipe off dirt, sand, and bad smells with a cloth. You need to know the main parts of the rod:

Fishing Line Sections. A fishing line can consist of 2 or more fishing lines. The joint where they fit together is called the sleeve.

Sougayilang 4-Piece Graphite Fly Rod

Rod Tip. The tip is the most flexible part of the rod and is at the top of the rod. It is the last 4 inches of the rod and the thinnest part of the rod to help you feel when the fish are biting.

Rod Tip Goture Xceed 1004 M-S Travel Fishing Rod

Spool. The spool is what the fishing line is wound around.

Caperlan Baitcasting Spool

Guides. Guides are the circles through which the line itself passes and serve to keep the line close to the rod.

Caperlan Double Leg Reinforced Guides

Reel Seat. This is the device into which the reel legs are inserted and which secures the reel to the rod.

Caperlan Reel Seat

Bail. The bail is a metal arm that can stop the line from coming out of the spool.

Sougayilang Bail of the Spool

Reel Foot. The reel foot is like a puzzle piece that firmly connects the rod to the reel.

Sougayilang Reel Foot

Line Roller. The line roller accurately guides the line from the spool to the rod.

Caperlan Pulley at the Tip

Handle. The handle is often made of a soft material. This is what you will be holding on to the whole time you are fishing.

Sougayilang Lightweight Ultra-Portable

Caperlan Foam EVA Handle

Step 2: Assemble the Rod According to Type and Construction

Set up the rod, if it has different parts, according to the assembly guide. Each part will have a tip to help you screw the part into the correct section. On the assembled rod, attach the reel.

Attachment Plug Connector

Step 3: Attach the Spool to the Rod

Which spool is right for you? In addition to the rod, you need to choose the right reel for long life. For more useful information, read reviews on well-known informative sites such as Bass Pro Shops, Cabelas, or Fishreeler. The bottom of the rod has a place to attach the reel. Take the reel, slide it into the seat and tighten it tightly. Do this process slowly. Do not overtighten the reel or you may break it.

Attachment of the Reel to the Rod

Step 4: Tying and Laying the Line

How do properly tie a monofilament line or braided cord onto the spool of a spool? First, you need to find the knot that will hold the first loop on the bobbin stationary – the self-tightening loop. Lift up the locking lever with the ribbon stacker. Thread the line through the lowest ring on the rod, then tie the line in a secure knot around the reel. Use a special knot to securely fasten the string or line to the reel. Tighten the knot until the line stops moving.

Stacker Locking Lever

The easiest option:

Wrap the fishing line around the spool. The end of the fishing line should be enough to knot comfortably. Next, on the end of the fishing line should be tied a knot, pre-wrapping the fishing line going to the reel. Tying the knot should be so that the end of the line with the knotted angle slides on the main part of the line going to the bobbin. At the end of the line after the knot make another knot. This knot will be a stopper. After wetting and tightening the knots, trim the remaining end of the line so it does not interfere with the winding.

Next, reel the line on the reel.

Guide Rings

Last. Thread the end of the line from the spool to the end of the rod through each ring (the guides are the rings along the rod that guides the line). Close the bale lever. Here are some helpful material – reviews and customer reviews of the major types of fishing line:

Step 5: How to Tie the Hook

The next operation is to set the hook. The choice of hook and how to attach it to the line must be decided in advance. A hook is a metal fishing accessory, which is one of the elements of the equipment of various types of tackle, carrying the bait, making the hook of prey, holding the prey, and delivering it into the hands of the fisherman.

Fish Hook Device - Know Your Hook

It is important to know the basic elements:

  • Head. In this case, it refers to the point of attachment to the fishing line. The head can be made in the form of a loop, and in the form of a flat spatula.
  • Barb. A long straight section running down from the head. For animal nozzles usually use variants with a long fore-end.
  • Underbite. The curved section is after the fore-end. It can have a rounded, semi-circular, or angular shape. Doppelgangers and tees with a common forend have two or three underparts, respectively.
  • Stinger. The stinger consists of the tip itself, designed to pierce the lips of fish, as well as the bit holding the bait and preventing the departure of prey. The stinger may be bent sideways, toward the forehead, or outward.

Step 6: Choosing and Tying the Bait

Before you cast the rod, attach the selected bait to the special knot. Each fish species requires different types of bait and live bait. All types of bait can be divided into 3 types: animal, plant, and artificial. The type of bait depends on the desired fish, the actual weather and type of body of water, as well as the fisherman’s personal experience and local conditions. Choosing the right bait is the most important condition for successful fishing. Depending on the weather, you can choose a specific color bait – for example, summer weather calls for silver or light bait. You can also choose a specific type of bait.

Tip! Take more than one type of bait with you when you go fishing.

Lures used for different types of fishing rods:

Step 7: Add Sinkers and Spinners

Before we begin mounting the tackle, it’s worth thinking about what kind of weights are best for this particular option. We choose a convenient knot and attach our weight in place, depending on the type of tackle in which it is needed.

The sinker – this is the oldest device used in the process of fishing, has the form of a small piece of lead, steel, brass, etc. In almost any form of fishing (with a few exceptions such as fly fishing) when mounting tackle we use sinkers. There are many varieties, depending on their purpose, type, shape, and method of attachment. To assemble the right fishing tackle you need to use a variety of rigs.

More often sinker is used when hunting for fish in order to level the float, as well as to achieve the hook with the bait at a particular depth and was properly configured. Also, the sinker is needed to throw the hook with the bait away from the shore.

Where to use:

  • On a float fishing rod.
  • Surf fishing to pull the line over the entire length.
  • When fishing with spinning weights are needed for weighting the bait and for long throwing.
  • From a boat to select the desired depth for bait (bottom edge, 0 to 2 meters off the bottom, or full-depth from 1 to 500 meters).
  • When fishing on the Trolling additional weights adjust the depth of the bait or lure.

Hooray! My fishing rod is complete!

In the video you can see step by step in practice everything said:

The Final Verdict

Don’t forget the cardinal rule: fish have to be where you’re fishing. It must be there to live, feed or breed. It is important to be able to communicate with local, experienced fishermen who will provide helpful tips for the area.

Getting your fishing rod ready is pretty easy, and now that you’ve done it and practiced it, you won’t feel lost on your first day on the river or lake. We hope that our guide to setting up your fishing rod will help you catch your trophy and most importantly enjoy the hobby. Practice more often! Have a great time!

Proper Rod Assembly

Sergio Smirnoff
Sergio Smirnoff
Professional fisherman with 40+ years of experience.
Fishing and the ocean is a passion of my life. I am passionate about all kinds of sea fishing: fishing from the shore (spinning, float, baitcasting), from a boat, and spearfishing day and night.

I live in Tenerife (Canary Islands) for the last 10+ years and share my daily fishing experiences on my website. Many years of personal experience as a fisherman and the vast experience of my friends allow me to write professionally on any fishing topics (from choosing a flashlight and equipment to deep-sea fishing).

All of my advice is based on practical real-world experience and will be useful to both novice anglers and professionals. Read more about the author.

Affiliate Disclosure: sometimes gets paid for listings, through sponsors or affiliate programs like Amazon, Ebay, Cabelas, Bass Pro Shop, Shimano, Daiwa, Rapala, Renn, Okuma, KastKing, etс. Clicking a link helps keep free, at no extra cost to you!

About the author: Each article is verified by the fishing expert Sergio Smirnoff. The articles are written by professional and amateur fishermen with 20+ years of fishing experience.

Note: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of any agency. The articles are for informational purposes only, share your opinions in the comments and join the fishing discussions, let's share our fishing experiences together!

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments