How To Choose Fishing Line

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  • Post category:Fishing Tips / How To
  • Post last modified:June 3, 2022

Fishing Lines For Any Choice

How To Choose The Best Fishing Line?


One of the main parts when assembling fishing tackle is undoubtedly the line. Many fishermen have doubts when deciding which fishing line to buy and what is best for them. If you’ve ever wondered what type of line to use, it’s okay, which is sometimes difficult for us to decide as there are multiple ranges of quality and use in the market. Your fishing success depends primarily on choosing the right line. If you know which of the three types of fishing lines (braided, mono, and fluorine) to choose, then consider that the catch is already in your bucket. Here’s how to choose the right fishing line.

A quick choice to get you started!

I recommend buying a monofilament with a diameter from 0.25 to 035 mm for the main part of the tackle 100 meters long and to it a fluorocarbon line of 0.1-0.2 mm for your leashes, to which you will fasten the fishing hooks. In the future you will have your own personal experience and knowledge, then you will find the right string for your preferences.

What Fishing Line Does?

The fishing line is a transparent polymer fishing thread, which is the connecting element of all fishing equipment and carries most of the mechanical and weight load when fishing. The success of fishing depends on the accuracy of the choice of its type, breaking strength, rigidity, and transparency. The fishing line ties your rod and reel to the bait. It is thrown at any distance so that the fish can get to the bait. When the fish is hooked, the fisherman pulls out the catch with the help of the fishing line.

When And How to Use Mono, Fluorocarbon, And Braided Lines?

In fact, choosing a line is not the most difficult task for a fisherman. You will find only three types on the market: monofilament, fluorocarbon, and braided. A correctly selected fishing line will provide comfortable fishing since the line provides casting to the required distance when fishing in summer, comfortable fishing with the chosen bait in winter.

It ensures the achievement of the necessary sensitivity, the implementation of effective hooking, and the implementation of hassle-free fishing out of prey. Next, I will tell you in detail about each type of fishing line so that you can understand which one suits your goals. This information will be useful for those who do not know what line the fish may not see, or for example if you do not know what type of line to use when fishing near rocks.

When Monofilament Line Is the Best Choice

Super Monofilament Fishing Line

Probably the most commonly used line type in the world is the monofilament line. It is cheap to manufacture and consists of a single fiber. To do this, polymers (particles of synthetic plastic) are fused together and pushed through a tiny nozzle under high pressure. The fiber is then stretched to the desired diameter while still hot and wound directly onto a spool of cord.

The fiber thickness ultimately determines the corresponding load-bearing capacity of the tendon. The thinner it is, the less pulling force it can withstand. By adding various color pigments during the manufacturing process, they can be dyed from blue, yellow, and green to pink and orange, almost all colors are possible. Practical because under certain conditions it makes it more visible to the eye.

The most important property of monofilaments is that they can stretch up to 30%, but there are also very low stretch monofilaments. When fishing short distances, monofilaments are almost always better than braided ones, because the properties of braided on long throws are not so important here.

Despite the fact that this type is considered the most affordable for the price, I still would not advise choosing the cheapest models on the market. They will still be inferior in quality compared to premium models. They will be less tensile, and will also be inferior in abrasion resistance, and so on. Ultimately, if you decide to use monofilament, I would advise you to purchase several line models from different manufacturers and test them. This is how you can find the right option for yourself.

This type has many advantages:

  • The first thing I would like to draw your attention to is that it is the easiest to cast. For beginners, this is the best option since this line does not get tangled and can be easily removed from the spool. The same cannot be said about other types.
  • Secondly, it has good buoyancy compared to others. It also has a 15-30% greater stretch than others. This allows you to keep the fish on the hook, no matter how heavy it is.
  • Another important advantage of this type is abrasion resistance. If you like to fish near rocks, stones, and so on, then there is a chance that your line will be damaged. But by using monofilament you can avoid such problems.

However, like other types, this line has several disadvantages. It may not apply to all types of gear. Not all fish are suitable for monofilament fishing. It can absorb water, which leads to swelling of the material and the line becomes unstable and not durable. Strongly exposed to the sun, water, temperature changes due to which, under their influence, it loses its strength and elasticity. Also, when the line dries up, it gradually deforms itself on the reel, and its inner turns become ribbed, less durable. Therefore, it is recommended to change the line every fishing season.

When Braid Line Is The Best Choice

Super Braid Fishing Line

The braided line appeared later than the others and immediately won the love of fishermen from all over the world. The best manufacturers of this type are KastKingUSA, Spiderwire, Daiwa J-Braid, PowerPro, and Fireline.

This line is used when a low elastic tendon with high knot strength is required. Braided cords were originally made from natural fibers such as cotton or linen. Modern braided lines are made from synthetic fibers such as Dacron, Spectra, or Micro-Dyneema. Due to their high abrasion resistance, they can also be used where stones or sharp edges make it difficult to fish with the mono line. Low stretch provides precise lure guidance and good bite detection. Even with careful handling, the bite transmission is felt.

The main distinguishing feature of the braided line is that it has a smaller diameter than others. This allows you to put more lines on the reel. She is also great at casting and has no memory. Thanks to the use of several fibers, high-tech fabrics such as Spectra have a smaller line diameter. The fibers are woven together in a four-, eight-, 12- or 16-strand configuration. The breaking load of fishing braids is their main advantage over monofilament. With a small diameter, breaking strength is at a high level.

This type also differs in that it has no extensibility. What advantage does this feature give the angler? Elasticity with an index of zero allows you to feel minor, neat bites, for example, when fishing with a feeder at a distance of no more than 70 m. If the angler uses a nylon fishing line, then he will be deprived of this sensitivity. Why does it happen? Because when using any other fishing line, the bite impulse from the hook to the tip of the tackle is extinguished due to the extensibility of the fishing line.

Fishing with a spinning rod using a braided line only benefits, especially on long casts. For example, when fishing with a jig with a foam nozzle on a snag area. For the spinning player, fishing is fraught with difficulties in the form of bypassing grassy or rocky places. However, touching, he senses all obstacles and directs the course of the bait. The same can be said about fishing with wobblers and other artificial lures.

If we compare braided and monolines, then the first is much more expensive. But this is a smarter investment as the braid lasts longer. It also has better characteristics and is used by professional fish.

When Fluorocarbon Line Is The Best Choice

Super Fluorocarbon Fishing Line

You can often read about fluorocarbon lines in the fishing literature. Some recommend fluorocarbon for leashes and other rig elements, others as the mainline for ultralight fishing, and still others for winter fishing. One way or another, this material has long entered the life of the modern fisherman.

Fluorocarbon is a material that appeared in the 70s of the last century in Japan. It is a polymer fluoride, that is, a hydrocarbon polymer containing fluorine in its molecule. Compared to pure monofilaments, this material has a higher density and provides a harder surface for the line. The density of the material also affects weight and causes it to sink faster than monofilament. An advantage when the sinking line is needed. In addition, it is argued that fluorocarbon is less noticeable for fish with a refractive index of about 1.4 (water 1.33, mono about 1.54).

This type of line has several advantages:

  • It has little visibility in the water. Fluorocarbon is almost completely transparent and is indistinguishable from fish. Accordingly, it does not scare even the most cautious of them.
  • High strength and rigidity. They help to protect the line from destruction when it comes into contact with the teeth of predatory fish. This is important when fishing with leash rigs.
  • No signs of deformation. The fluorocarbon line will not stretch. It retains its original parameters, does not swell even after prolonged contact with water.
  • Resistant to UV rays. Even leaving the coil in the sun, you don’t have to worry that the material will lose its properties.
  • Frost resistance. High-quality fluorocarbon does not lose its elasticity at low temperatures. This compares favorably with nylon.
  • Lack of “shape memory”. This eliminates the difficulty of getting the material off the reel. The line straightens easily even after long-term storage. The same property allows the line to be wound on a reel in a wet state. When dry, it does not deform.
  • Abrasion resistance. The material is not afraid of contact with metal rings, stony bottom sediments, shell rock. It remains resistant to various types of damage.

As for the disadvantages, here it is worth paying attention to a number of points directly related to the features of fluorocarbon. Since this polymer has a higher stiffness, it is significantly less resistant to breaking loads. In addition, the cost of the material is significantly more expensive than any analogs, which is not always economically feasible.

What Color of the Line Should I Use?

Super Color of the Fishing Line

It is worth saying that scientists have proven that all vertebrate fish, which have a bright color, are able to distinguish colors. If the fish is able to distinguish colors, then the choice of line color must be approached thoroughly. No wonder, experienced fishermen, going on a night fishing, take with them a line of bright color. The fact is that predators are able to actively respond to bright, irritating color shades. Only the fish’s eye is less sensitive than the human’s.

For example, the fish will react best if the line is selected in a warm color: for example, red, yellow, or orange. The same colors are most often found on artificial lures. By the way, the line, quiet, can be combined with the color of the bait. It is worth considering that many fish, a fishing line of bright color can simply scare away. It’s all about the background color scheme of the reservoir. On peat lakes, in waters with red algae, or in places of timber floating, not a single fish will simply notice the red line, since it will merge with the surrounding color of nature.

In water with increased turbidity, a line of blue, blue, or green shades will not be so effective. This line will not get enough light, so it will reflect poorly. The fish is not afraid of such a line and therefore does not react to these colors.

It should be borne in mind that at the depth of the reservoir, the fishing line itself and its color become not so susceptible to fish. Therefore, when choosing the color of the fishing line, it is worth considering this important factor. So, a red line can irritate the eye of a fish even if the depth of the reservoir is more than five meters in depth. White loess copes with its task, both at the surface and depth, and closer to the bottom. The only exceptions are cloudy and foggy weather.

If we talk about the types of lines, then the least noticeable is a fluorocarbon, then the monoline comes. And the most noticeable is the wicker one.

The yellow and orange lines are visible in the water and allow excellent control of the tackle. In clear, clean water, such monofilament is well discernible for fish, which means it can scare away cautious inhabitants of the reservoir. Most often, these colors are used to catch predatory fish in troubled waters.

Greenline works well in most waters where the water has a greenish tint. Against the background of underwater vegetation, the green monofilament plays the role of a kind of camouflage. However, the cleaner the water of the reservoir, the more noticeable such a line is. As you dive deeper, the green color gradually changes to a darker one.

The color blue is ideal for seawater fishing.

Transparent lines are suitable for very clean freshwater as well as saltwater.

Expert Choose Best Lines For Getting Started Wherever You Fish

Now you know everything you need to know about the three types of lines. I think now you can easily choose the one suitable for your goals. However, if you are a beginner and you still find it difficult to make the right choice without experience, choose a mono thread. It will be the best choice for any scenario.

For trout, catfish, perch, panfish, use a 4-10 lb (2-4.5 kg) mono for light bait fishing. If you are using heavy carp, salmon bait, use 20 lbs (4.5-9 kg) mono.

If you want to catch tuna or large freshwater species, use a 20-30 lb (9-13.5 kg) braided line or mono. But if you are hunting for a small shark, large catfish, then you should take 30-50 pounds (13.5 – 22.5 kg).

If you have been fishing for a long time and can call yourself a professional fisherman, then the braided line is an excellent choice for you. Yes. this type is prone to confusion and is more expensive, but it has many advantages that can give you an unforgettable fishing experience.

And most importantly, do not forget that any line cannot be used forever. It has the term of a lifetime. Therefore, it needs to be changed. How often it depends on how often you use it and where.

Useful Tips

Branches and sharp edges are just a few examples of how quickly a line can be damaged. Just in case, I check the first few meters of the line before each new use. On the one hand, I stretch it between my thumb and forefinger to feel for possible damage, and on the other hand, I optically look for places that look fibrous or rough. If I find a damaged area, the cord is cut just above it. If there is nothing to complain about, it can be used again in full.

I also advise you to use a large line size as the line can lose its strength at the knot. If you want to minimize the loss of strength in the knot area, then you need to use quality fishing knots for attaching the leashes.

Video on how to fish with the braided line on a jig fishing rod:

Final Words

There are no trifles in modern fishing – everything is important in it. A fishing line is just as important a component of any tackle as a rod, reel, or lure. As you already understood, you cannot use one type of fishing line for all fishing conditions. Before choosing favor of this or that type of fishing line, you need to think about where you are going to fish, what fish, what type of water, tackle used, etc.

In addition, do not forget to take into account such points as strength, tear resistance, diameter, knot strength, etc. The best option is to have all types of lines with you and use them as intended. If you still have doubts, then I recommend that you contact the seller of the fishing accessories store. He will be able to help you when you tell you exactly where and how you want to fish.

Braided Fluorocarbon Monolines Fishing Line

Sergio Smirnoff
Sergio Smirnoff
Professional fisherman with 40+ years of experience.
Fishing and the ocean is a passion of my life. I am passionate about all kinds of sea fishing: fishing from the shore (spinning, float, baitcasting), from a boat, and spearfishing day and night.

I live in Tenerife (Canary Islands) for the last 10+ years and share my daily fishing experiences on my website. Many years of personal experience as a fisherman and the vast experience of my friends allow me to write professionally on any fishing topics (from choosing a flashlight and equipment to deep-sea fishing).

All of my advice is based on practical real-world experience and will be useful to both novice anglers and professionals. Read more about the author.

Affiliate Disclosure: sometimes gets paid for listings, through sponsors or affiliate programs like Amazon, Ebay, Cabelas, Bass Pro Shop, Shimano, Daiwa, Rapala, Renn, Okuma, KastKing, etс. Clicking a link helps keep free, at no extra cost to you!

About the author: Each article is verified by the fishing expert Sergio Smirnoff. The articles are written by professional and amateur fishermen with 20+ years of fishing experience.

Note: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of any agency. The articles are for informational purposes only, share your opinions in the comments and join the fishing discussions, let's share our fishing experiences together!

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