Where to place a pond on your property?
What safety features should you include – drainage pipes and spillways for your pond?
How to determine the size of your pond?
How deep should I dig the pond so that the fish can live and it will not bloom?
What should be in the bottom of the pond?
What type of fish is best for stocking a pond?
How do I choose forage fish species for my pond?
When should I start fertilizing my pond?
What plants can I plant in and around my pond?
Checking and getting the proper permits for building a pond?
Work on the arrangement of the fish pond, located near residential buildings, it is recommended to start with a study of the soil, namely the depth of groundwater. If they occur in the surface layers of the ground, the creation of an artificial pond near the places of their occurrence can cause frequent flooding of basements. To avoid this, it is necessary to equip an effective waterproofing of the pond, which, in addition to its direct purpose, will preserve the microclimatic parameters of the reservoir created during its construction.
When constructing a pond for fish breeding, which will become an integral independent ecosystem, it is necessary to take into account a number of tips and recommendations from professional craftsmen. Some of the most relevant are the following:
It is important to initially determine the dimensions of the future pond. If a small-sized pond needs thorough and labor-intensive care, the reservoir of excessive volumes will be a quite expensive pleasure even at the stage of its construction. In this regard, the optimal size for the erection of the pond for fish with their own hands is a size, ranging from 30-50 square meters;
Experts do not recommend placing an artificial reservoir in the low-lying areas, as this is fraught with its frequent flooding. The optimal place for the arrangement of the pond in the country for raising fish is an open area, one part of which during the day is in the shade, and the other constantly lit;
Do not neglect the study of deep-sea topography characteristic of your future pond. It should be complex and characterized by an alternation of deep and shallow water, as well as the presence of numerous ledges and rapids, the construction of which was carried out at different depths;
The choice of soil – is another important parameter, which should be paid attention to in the arrangement of the pond. It depends on the type of fish you are going to breed in the pond. For example, for carp breeding, it is necessary to give preference to solid ground: granite chips, pebbles, or gravel;
Choose a location. Designate a specific part of your yard for the pond. This area should be large enough to allow fish to move around, but not to go outside of your property onto someone else’s property (unless agreed upon by your neighbors).
Make sure the ground is suitable by making a small hole in the ground and pouring water into it. The longer the water soaks into the ground, the better.
Dig a hole. This hole will soon become your pond. The hole should take up all or most of the chosen available area.
If the soil is not suitable and does not hold water, you can use some materials such as plastic, sand, a thin layer of concrete, and so on over the ground after the hole is dug. Make sure it looks nice and natural. If it looks sloppy or poorly done, you can hide the mistakes with old tires, plants, and rocks.
Plant algae. Many fish feed on algae in their natural habitat. To secure them without damaging the roots, take the roots in your hand and make your fingers into a “beak” shape around them. Immerse your hands in the soil and then open your fingers. This will allow the roots to spread out before the coating settles on them. This, by the way, is the same technique used to plant plants in containers. Place the plants strategically – so that the fish have good hiding places. You want the fry to be able to hide from larger predators that might eat them.
Pour water. There are 2 things you can do to do this: first, wait for the rain to fill the hole. The second option is to use a hose or bucket to fill the hole with water. Before using a hose, make sure the pH of the water is appropriate. Most tap water contains chlorine to purify the water from microorganisms, but it also kills essential beneficial bacteria. To protect the cover (sand, gravel, or whatever) from stirring, lower the hose into the bucket. Don’t forget to tie a long rope to this bucket, you probably don’t want to dive into the muddy water behind it when the pond is full.
Allow the water to settle before putting the fish in it. Make sure that the species of fish you’re launching won’t immediately start killing each other, and that they’re edible. Use river crayfish to keep the bottom clean; make sure there are plenty of rocks on the bottom to serve as shelter. Before introducing any fish into the pond, let them acclimate to the new water. Do this by placing the fish in a tub or bucket with their usual water, then gradually filling it with pond water until they begin to breathe in the water entirely from the pond. Then gently release them into the pond.
A pond for fish farming and fishing is a very complex activity. Only experts and those who have practical experience in such work should discuss this issue. It is impossible to tell everything in two words. I have a negative experience when all the fish got sick with rubella disease. The reason was wild geese came in. There are a lot of subtleties. Good luck to everyone!
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